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Position-Based Multicast Routing for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

Author(s): Martin Mauve, Holger Füßler, Jörg Widmer, Thomas Lang.
Title: Position-Based Multicast Routing for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
Published: TR-03-004, Department of Computer Science, University of Mannheim, March 2003
Abstract: In this paper we present Position-Based Multicast (PBM), a multicast routing algorithm for mobile ad-hoc networks which does neither require the maintenance of a distribution structure (e.g., a tree or a mesh) nor resorts to flooding of data packets. Instead a forwarding node uses information about the positions of the destinations and its own neighbors to determine the next hops that the packet should be forwarded to and is thus very well suited for highly dynamic networks. PBM is a generalization of existing position-based unicast routing protocols such as face-2 or GPSR. The key contributions of PBM are rules for the splitting of multicast packets and a repair strategy for situations where there exists no direct neighbor that makes progress toward one or more destinations. The characteristics of PBM are evaluated in detail by means of simulation.
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