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A Detailed View on the Spatio-Temporal Information Content and the Arithmetic Coding of Discrete Trajectories

Author(s): Markus Koegel, Matthias Radig, Erzen Hyko, Martin Mauve.
Title: A Detailed View on the Spatio-Temporal Information Content and the Arithmetic Coding of Discrete Trajectories
Published: Mobile Networks and Applications 18 (3), pp. 373-388, October 2012
Keyword(s): Spatio-Temporal Data, Information Content, Data Compression, Vehicular Movement
Abstract: The trace of a moving object is commonly referred to as a trajectory.This paper considers the spatio-temporal information content of adiscrete trajectory in relation to a movement prediction model for theobject under consideration. The information content is the minimalamount of information necessary to reconstruct the trajectory, giventhe movement model. We show how the information content of arbitrarytrajectories can be determined and use these findings toderive an approximative arithmetic coding scheme for trajectoryinformation, reaching a level of compression that is close to thebound provided by its entropy. We then demonstrate the practicalapplicability of our ideas by using them to compress real-worldvehicular trajectories, showing that this vastly improves upon theresults provided by the best state-of-the art compression schemesfor spatio-temporal data.
Note: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com
DOI: 10.1007/s11036-012-0414-y
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